TNO (Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast-natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek TNO) is one of the major contract research organisations in Europe. With a staff of approximately 3500 and an annual turnover of 580 million Euros, TNO is carrying out research in order to achieve impact on the following seven themes: Healthy Living, Industrial Innovation, Urbanisation, Energy, and Defence, Safety and Security.

TNO functions as an intermediary between basic research organisations and industry. By translating scientific knowledge into practical applications, TNO contributes to the innovation capacity of businesses and government. TNO is involved in many international projects (about 30% of the market turnover), including EU-funded collaborations.

Within the theme Urbanisation applied research is carried out in the field of Environment & Sustainability. We develop data driven models, products and services to build a resilient society which minimizes the use of natural resources and maximizes the reuse of waste and where environmentally-related health risks are pro- actively avoided. Within the expertise area Earth, Life and Social Sciences the expertise group Risk Analysis for Products In Development (RAPID) works on all aspects of risk assessment and management, investigating the quality and safety of chemical substances, food ingredients/products, drugs and nanoparticles. RAPID focuses on industrial problems within three sectors: chemistry, pharmaceuticals and food. The work has a large focus in data collection, sharing, storing and analysing with regard to modelling activities. In the last decade our work extended from bulk chemicals to nanoparticles.

In calibrate TNO will lead WP2 on human risk assessment models and participate in WP3, 5, 6, and 7.