Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function properly. Absorption of B12 from the gut also tends to decrease with age, so the elderly is another group who are more at risk of deficiency. These b vitamins are water-soluble and must be obtained from the diet because they are easily lost in the urine. Vitamin B12 deficiency can also be caused by a lack of the vitamin in your diet, in which case improving your diet can help to reverse symptoms. Vitamin B12 is one of many vitamins in the large B vitamin group, also known as the vitamin B complex. Vitamins B1 and B7 help the body maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Diagnosis is usually made by measuring serum vitamin B12 levels. Adults (aged 19 to 64) need about 1.5 micrograms a day of vitamin B12. B complex deficiency can manifest as various diseases like anemia, beriberi, dermatitis, encephalitis and pellagra, and disease has its own set of symptoms. 1958 Aug 2;102(31):1501-3. Good sources include: meat; fish; milk; cheese; eggs; some fortified breakfast cereals; How much vitamin B12 do I need? Vitamin B12 acts as a coenzyme in another important reaction that is needed for myelin synthesis and stabilization. The RDA for vitamin B-9 is 600 mcg in pregnant women and 400 mcg for all other adults. Getting the proper amount of B vitamins into your body can be hampered if you have problems with your digestive system. Vitamin B 12 deficiency anemia, of which pernicious anemia (PA) is a type, is a disease in which not enough red blood cells are produced due to a deficiency of vitamin B 12. Vitamin B-12 injections or nasal spray might be prescribed to treat vitamin B-12 deficiency. B complex deficiency in alcoholism primarily arises due to malnutrition or intake of a diet deficient in necessary vitamins and minerals. Potassium from food sources shouldn’t cause a problem, but very high amounts may set someone up for a vitamin B12 deficiency. Deficiency causes megaloblastic anemia, damage to the white matter of the spinal cord and brain, and peripheral neuropathy. Vitamin 82 deficiency is usually found along with other B-Complex deficiencies. In particular, vitamins B1, B3, B6, B9 and B12 are essential for neuronal function and deficiencies have been linked to depression. B-Vitamins are used to create and repair neurotransmitters that regulate mood and behavior. What is Vitamin B Complex? ... B-12 deficiency can lead to confusion and anemia in older adults. Vitamin B6 deficiency is many times associated with low amounts of other B-complex vitamins in body and is almost always connected with weakened immune system function. [Vitamin B complex deficiency causing the psychiatric symptoms of atypical endogenous depression]. Many deficiencies in vitamin B-6 are linked to low levels of vitamin B-12, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Dietary Supplements. A condition due to deficiency in any member of the vitamin b complex. B vitamins, which you’ll often hear referred to as the vitamin B complex, are particularly important aspects of your nutrition during pregnancy, especially vitamins B6, B9, and B12. Vitamin B Complex Deficiency. Vitamin B-6 deficiency … Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the B-complex responsible for energy metabolism, red blood cell formation and neurological functioning. The most common initial symptom is feeling tired. Deficiency has been known to lower antibody production, thus increasing infection. Vitamin B deficiency is rare in the UK, but two of the more common ones are a lack of vitamin B12 and folate. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) The NIH says the adult RDA for vitamin B-6 is 1.3 mg for ages 19 to 50, and 1.5 mg for women and 1.7 mg for men older than age 50. If test results are normal, then it is more likely that your symptoms are due to another cause. Vitamin B deficiency could influence memory function, cognitive impairment and dementia. Because your body is capable of storing several years' worth of vitamin B-12, deficiency is rare. Vitamin B complex refers to a group of eight vitamins: B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12. Vitamin b deficiency; Clinical Information. The B7 vitamin is an essential nutrient for insulin production, as it regulates the genes responsible for metabolism. Other B-complex vitamins like folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B2 are also essential for the One-carbon pathway. 2. Regulates Blood Sugar Levels. Vitamin B complex is a power pack of 8 essential vitamins that help combat stress and protect the brain. Why vitamin B 12 is important. Test results that are low may indicate a B vitamin deficiency but will not reveal whether it is due to an inadequate supply or an inability to absorb or use available B vitamins. Because vitamin B12 is only found in foods from animal sources, people following strict vegan diets, as well as breastfed babies of vegan mothers, tend to be most commonly affected. These three specifically help minimize the risk of birth defects as well as relieve some symptoms of pregnancy . Vitamin B12 has the most complex and largest chemical structure of all vitamins. Lack of vitamin B1 causes beriberi; symptoms include mood swings, weight loss, pain and weakness in the limbs, irregular heartbeats, and edema. Vitamin B-12 is essential for blood health. Vitamin B 12 deficiency is a common cause of megaloblastic anemia, various neuropsychiatric symptoms, and other clinical manifestations. Some of the benefits of vitamin B complex supplements include increased energy, improved or further stable moods, healthier skin, hair and eyes. What are the signs and symptoms of a B vitamin deficiency? 1.Rectifying vitamin B deficiency can reduce severity of alcohol addiction and withdrawal. Learn more. Conclusion. 1. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. B vitamins are nutrients your body needs so that it can perform a variety of essential functions. Vitamin B complex is a group of vitamins that includes riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, pantothenic acid, B-6, folate, B-12, biotin and choline. A diet rich in vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, is needed to avoid riboflavin deficiency.Recommended daily allowances of B2 are 1.3 mg a day for men and 1.1 mg a day for women. Vitamin B complex deficiency is a serious problem because most Americans, particularly children and teens, have it. Good sources of vitamin B12. A lack of vitamin B12 could lead to vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. The human body needs vitamin B 12 to make red blood cells, nerves, DNA, and carry out other functions. However, if you follow a vegetarian or vegan diet, you might be prone to deficiency because plant foods don't contain vitamin B-12. How does the vitamin B complex work? According to the NIH, B vitamin supplements are a good way to obtain necessary daily levels. The vitamin B-complex refers to all of the known essential water-soluble vitamins except for vitamin C.These include thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), niacin (vitamin B3), pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), biotin, folic acid and the cobalamins (vitamin B12). Vitamin B is a vitamin complex that includes Vitamins B12, B6, B1, B3, etc. Finally, B2-deficient mothers run the risk of producing malformed children. Vitamin B6 This deficiency can be followed by confusion, anemia, depression, swollen tongue, cracks on the lips and corners of the mouth. The vitamins are necessary for proper nervous system and immune system function. Learn about rich food sources high in Vitamin B, the benefits, the affects of a deficiency, the side effects of an overdose and more. Unlike other vitamins, it contains cobalt (a metal) and is commonly referred to as “cobalamin,” a catchall term for all of the various compounds that contain vitamin B12 properties. As with B1, B2 overdoses are nearly impossible. that go by names like thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, biotin and folic acid. The vitamin B complex helps as power source in various body activities. This article will address the following questions: Which B vitamins belong to the vitamin B complex? Vitamin B Complex. Perhaps the biggest risk of a vitamin B complex deficiency is a weakened immune system, which makes the body susceptible to infection, bacteria, and viruses. ... Vitamin B Complex / therapeutic use* In addition, a person experiencing a deficiency of vitamin B may suffer from confusion, fatigue, and depression. There are numerous reasons why a vitamin B complex deficiency could be causing all these symptoms. Vitamin B12 deficiency. Unlike the lipid-soluble vitamins, they cannot be stored in the body fat. A high B vitamin level may be associated with vitamin toxicity. Dietary vitamin B12 deficiency usually results from inadequate absorption, but deficiency can develop in vegans who do not take vitamin supplements. We discuss the causes of depression and the neurochemical pathways in depression. Deficiency of any member of the B-complex can lead to different disorders and cause various symptoms. Like any other vitamin, vitamin B complex is vital for our well being. 13 Vitamin B Complex Benefits 1. A deficiency in any of the B vitamins can cause serious health problems. 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