For example, some would still use the term “Indian” to describe themselves. The first results of the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today, show that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples represented 2.8 per cent of the population counted in the 2016 Census – … Approximately 97 per cent of th… Indigenous Peoples represent the fastest growing and youngest population in Canada. In the NWT, the average age of the Among the Inuit, the percentage with a college diploma increased from about 17% to almost 19%. The 2011 NHS reported 1,400,685 people, or 4.3 per cent of the population, identified themselves as Aboriginal persons. The Indigenous Liaison Program serves as a bridge between Statistics Canada and First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities and Indigenous organizations. While 4% of the population claims an aboriginal identity, another 16% belongs to a non-aboriginal visible minority. In the description for Chart 8 in the HTML, there were data errors for the categories ‘Trades certificate (non-apprenticeship)’, ‘Apprenticeship certificate’, ‘College diploma’ and ‘Bachelor's degree or higher’. One-quarter (26.2%) of Inuit, 24.2% of First Nations people and 11.3% of Métis lived in a dwelling that was in need of major repairs. According to the 2011 Canadian Census , indigenous peoples ( First Nations – 851,560, Inuit – 59,445 and Métis – 451,795) numbered at 1,400,685, or 4.3% of the country's total population. Data products. Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada, and some consider them to be pejorative. Further, one-third of the urban Indigenous population lives in food insecure households. In 2016, employment rates were above 80% for degree holders among each of these groups, and among Métis with college diplomas or apprenticeship certificates. The Statistics Canada numbers, based on the 2016 census, show Winnipeg's census metropolitan area (CMA) with 92,810 people identifying as Indigenous — First Nations, Métis and Inuit. First Nations, Métis and Inuit men with at least a bachelor’s degree had higher earnings than those with lower levels of education. Statistics Canada Catalogue no.75-006-X. Data products. These are the original inhabitants of the land that is now Canada. How people describe their identity will depend on their age, where they live, and their cultural background. There remains a small population, less than 2%, of Aboriginal peoples, who according to archeological and historical records, have inhabited this region for more than 3,000 years. Demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous children, and data on health and well-being. Saskatchewan’s Indigenous population has remained more rural than the rest of the province — at least according to Statistic Canada’s definitions. In the next two decades, the Indigenous population is likely to exceed 2.5 million persons. Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in Canada grew by 42.5%, four times faster than the rest of the population of Canada. Boyce, Jillian. Measures of labour market activity, such as employment, characteristics of jobs held, and unemployment. Aboriginal Identity (9), Residence by Aboriginal Geography (10), Registered or Treaty Indian Status (3), Age (20) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data (Catalogue Number 98-400-X2016154) [Internet]. 4 Custom table based on Statistics Canada’s Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. This series was developed in partnership with Indigenous Services Canada. Two main factors have contributed to the growing Indigenous population: the first is natural growth, which includes increased life expectancy and relatively high fertility rates; the second factor relates to changes in self-reported identification. THUNDER BAY — The 2016 national census showed that Thunder Bay had the biggest proportion of Indigenous people among Canada's larger population centres – … Canadian Provinces and Territories by Indigenous Population. The Inuit are the youngest of the three groups, with an average age of 27.7 years, followed by First Nations people (30.6 years) and Métis (34.7 years). “Victimization of Aboriginal people in Canada, 2014.” Statistics Canada. Indigenous people are not recovering from loss of employment during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as non-Indigenous Canadians, according to new data from Statistics Canada. Includes demographic, social and economic characteristics of Indigenous peoples. Nearly 22% of the population is now foreign-born, and about 60% of new immigrants come from Asia … Research shows that Indigenous homelessness in major urban areas ranges from 20-50% of the total homeless population, while others have reported that the range may be much wider, at 11-96%. Is there information outdated? They also help build the statistical capacity of First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and people. Those with strong family networks were generally more likely to report positive health. Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. In 2015, Indigenous people accounted for 25% of all homicide victims in Canada. The Indigenous population is younger than the non-Indigenous. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data. Edmonton (76,205), Vancouver (61,460) and Toronto (46,315) round out the top four. Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2016 Census. Winnipeg has the largest Indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data. “Indigenous,” although increasingly mainstream, is not universally accepted. Among Inuit, those living in Inuit Nunangat were more likely to be able to speak an Inuit language than those living outside. Return to footnote 2 referrer. The 2016 Census of Population Program offers a wide range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. Consult "Differences between Statistics Canada's census counts and population estimates" to learn more about this topic. Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada uses data on Indigenous identity to analyze socio-economic trends and population growth. In light of changing terminology, recent court decisions and the Government’s renewed commitment to Indigenous people, Statistics Canada is actively seeking feedback from First Nations, Métis and Inuit governments, organizations and individuals on the concepts and categories used in the census as well as what data they need. In 2016, there were 4,300 Indigenous children aged 0 to 4 reported as foster children living in private homes. New analytical opportunities are opened up when these are combined with the Census. The First Nations population— including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Actand those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. Taché also maintained that several important steps were required for improved statistics, including a preliminary numerical study of Canada and the Indigenous population dating back to the early 17th century; development of statistical trends for the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries to 1871; revision and correction of the 1851 and 1861 censuses; and preparation for a better census in 1871. This includes those who are First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who are Registered or Treaty Indians (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada), and/or those who have membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Statistics Canada reports that these Indigenous figures should be used with caution because the coefficient of variation, which measures the sampling error, is between 16.6 and 33.3. Statistics. In the 2016 census by Statistics Canada, over 1.6 million people in Canada identified as Indigenous, making up 4.9 per cent of the national population. Department of Justice (2018). “Crowded housing” is categorized into dwellings that have a one-bedroom shortfall, a two-bedroom shortfall or a shortfall of three or more bedrooms. Innovative approaches to gathering data and data development depend on the effective use of administrative data sources. All rights reserved. Since 2006, the Aboriginal population has grown by 42.5%—more than four times the growth rate of … The Métis population (587,545) had the largest increase of any of the groups over the 10-year span, rising 51.2% from 2006 to 2016. According to Statistics Canada, approximately 799,010 people, or 3 per cent of Canada's population, identified themselves as having an Aboriginal identity in 1996. A map image of the geographic area is also included in the product. The overrepresentation of Indigenous persons in Canadian prisons began at the end of the Second World War (Rudin 2008) and remains a well-documented reality based on abundant scientific and statistical documentation (Department of Justice Canada 2017). ... Statistics Canada is receptive to the study. Statistics Canada developed an Inuit hiring strategy that increased Statistics Canada’s capacity in terms of staffing in Nunavut. Is this person an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit)? Return to footnote 3 referrer. This statistic shows the distribution of in-custody adults in federal correctional services in Canada in the fiscal year of 2019, by risk level and indigenous identity. In this document, the term “Indigenous” is used in place of “Aboriginal”. Research on Indigenous and Northern issues. Ethnic origin. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … Labour market impacts of COVID-19 on Indigenous people: March to August 2020, Perceptions of safety of Indigenous people during the COVID-19 pandemic, StatCan COVID-19: Data to Insights for a Better Canada Economic impact of COVID-19 among Indigenous people, Indigenous people and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, Study: Indigenous people in urban areas: Vulnerabilities to the socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19. From 2006 to 2016, the number of First Nations, Métis and Inuit youth aged 15 to 34 increased by 39%, compared to just over 6% for their non-Indigenous youth. Canada has a population of about 36.5 million, of which 1.5 million are considered aboriginal Canadians representing 4.3% of the population. A positive school environment is associated with positive mental health outcomes for off-reserve First Nations youth. Can't find what you're looking for? The Indigenous population of Canada is young, with 26.8% of Indigenous people in 2016 under the age of 15, and 31.0% aged between 15 and 34 years; compared to 16.4% and 25.2% respectively for the non-Indigenous population. The portal is part of Statistics Canada's Indigenous Statistical Capacity Development Initiative, and provides a central location on the agency's website where users can find links to data products about First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. The data portrait of First Nations people, Métis, Inuit and their communities and businesses is not as comprehensive as it is for the general population. A lower proportion of the non-Indigenous population lived in housing that was crowded (8.5%). One‑quarter of First Nations people live in crowded housing. Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in the NWT grew by 1.1%, compared to 42.7% a growth rate for the Indigenous population of Canada. In the NWT, the average age of the Statistics Canada Catalogue no. Lindsay Richardson APTN News In five years, between 2011 and 2016, the “Aboriginal identity population” grew by 19.5 per cent – almost five times more than the country’s non-Indigenous counterparts, according to a Statistics Canada summary report. Use of this publication is governed by the Statistics Canada Open Licence Agreement. Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. More than half of Métis aged 45 or older reported strong family networks. The Aboriginal Liaison Advisor program started in the 1980s with one advisor working in Alberta and has grown to a network of eleven positions across the country. In Canada, approximately 12 people per 100,000 die by suicide each year. Among all Indigenous identity groups, the most common postsecondary qualification for those aged 25 to 64 was college. They present the epistemology, paradigm, and practice of indigenous statistics in accessible language. Put simply, more people are newly identifying as First Nations, Métis or Inuit on the census—a continuation of a trend over time. From the time of European colonization until the mid-nineteenth century, the native population of Canada dropped from roughly 500,000 (some estimates put it … The indigenous population of Canada has a prevalent poverty rate with one in four aboriginals, Métis and Inuit living in poverty. Just over one in ten (11.0%) of off-reserve First Nations youth and 7.8% of Métis youth report having a mood disorder. Therefore a house with a one-bedroom shortfall would require a single extra bedroom in order to adequately house the number of people who live there. In September 2017, Statistics Canada initiated a broad series of dialogues with First Nations, Métis and Inuit organizations and communities in every province and territory, about the content of the 2021 Census and their data needs. The proportion of people reporting an Aboriginal identity continues to grow, according to the most recent data. Statistics Canada. Indigenous people live in a variety of settings including major urban locations (around 30 per cent), in rural towns with fewer than 10 000 inhabitants (42 per cent) and 28 per cent in remote areas. Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long-standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. Of these, four in 10 of Canada’s indigenous children live in poverty making indigenous poverty in Canada a serious issue. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996. Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey, 2007-2014. Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036. Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 1986 to 2016. People living in institutions, such as hospitals, shelters and senior’s residences, Those temporarily living away from home for health or other services. More than 30% of inmates in Canadian prisons are Indigenous – even though aboriginal people make up just 5% of the country’s population, according … 91-552-X. These rates were highest for Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat (31.5%) and Status First Nations people living on reserve (44.2%). A distinctions-based approach is preferred. However, Métis men with an apprenticeship certificate had earnings almost as high as Métis men with at least a bachelor’s degree. Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2016. Ontario has a population of 301,425 indigenous Canadians representing 2.4% of Ontario’s population. Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada built partnerships with Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., the Government of Nunavut, Pilimmaksaivik, Indigenous Services, Crown–Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, and Employment and Social Development Canada in order to transform a standard government recruitment process into one that was engaging, responsive to the unique challenges of the North, culturally sensitive and, ultimately, removed barriers to employment. Complete data on Aboriginal populations can be viewed here Sources: Statistics Canada, 2015–2016; Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, 2018; Canadian Heritage, 2016–2017. To date, there have been over 50 discussions in 36 locations with roughly 400 participants, including representatives of federal departments. Educational attainment refers to a person's highest certificate, diploma or degree. In particular, Statistics Canada notes women are at higher risk, with 41% of Indigenous women living food insecure compared to 34% of men. 2016. 2016. Data from the census are an important source of information as it provides a comprehensive picture of the characteristics of the people in the community – their age, family characteristics, housing, education, labour and language. Supporting Indigenous-led statistical capacity building is an important aspect of self-determination and instrumental for Indigenous leadership and governments in planning, delivery, and reporting to their own citizens. Half of First Nations people living off reserve report themselves in very good or excellent health. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. This suggests that many people, especially young people, Explore the distribution of the population with Aboriginal identity across Canada in 2016 using the Census Program Data Viewer. Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. In 2013, 43% of Indigenous people had confidence in the justice system and the courts, compared with 58% of non-Indigenous people. Suicide is the second-leading caus… Application of the United Nations Human Development Index to Registered Indians in Canada, 2006–2016 Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 2012. Out of those estimated 5 million people, 1.34 million children are in poverty. Mulligan, L., Axford, M. and Solecki, A. Suicide is also a global public health problem; in 2012, for example, approximately 804,000 people in the world died by suicide. The majority of Canadians perceive official languages positively The demographics of Metro Vancouver reveal a multi-ethnic society. Footnote 4. The current categories (First Nations [Status and non-Status], Métis and Inuk) do not cover the complexities of modern treaties. Census Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census; Aboriginal Peoples Highlight Tables, 2016 Census Many would like to have information collected more frequently and there are still some populations that are not well covered. Through the Aboriginal Liaison Program, we have been strengthening lines of communication between Statistics Canada and First Nations people, Métis and Inuit, their organizations and leadership over the past several decades. Canada's aboriginal people are growing at twice the national rate. The term 'Aboriginal' or 'Indigenous' used on the Statistics Canada website refers to individuals identifying themselves as 'First Nations people, Métis or Inuit'. Statistics. Statistics Canada conducts a country-wide census that collects demographic data every five years on the first and sixth year of each decade. In 2016, the percentage of First Nations people with a college diploma increased to 21% from 17%. Accurate and timely statistical information could not be produced without their continued co-operation and goodwill. Since 2006, the Indigenous population grew by 42.5%, which is more than four times faster than the rest of the population. are learning Indigenous languages as second languages. This paper aims to give an overview of trends regarding the fertility of Aboriginal people in Canada at the turn of the 21st century (mostly between 1996 and 2011). It does not include non-apprenticeship trades certificates. A quick look at the recent statistical data shows that the measures taken to combat this reality have not yet produced the desired results. Suicidal behaviours are intentional thoughts and actions aimed at ending one’s life. Of these, there were 36 languages that had at least 500 speakers. Under the Employment Equity Act, Aboriginal people are a designated group along with women, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities; as such, they are neither a visible minority under the Act or in the view of Statistics Canada. Paradoxically, the Aboriginal population in Canada is both young – 32.1 years old, on average, compared to 40.9 years old for non-Aboriginals – and aging: 7.3 per cent of Indigenous … ... range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. LFS data are used to produce the well-known unemployment rate as well as other standard labour market indicators such as the employment rate and the participation rate. From 2006 to 2016, the share of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit who had completed high school went up by roughly 10 percentage points. Please contact us and let us know how we can help you. The objectives of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are to identify the needs of Aboriginal peoples and to inform policy and programs aimed at improving the well-being of Aboriginal peoples. The analysis warns: Users can search for an area of interest among census subdivisions (municipalities), census divisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, provinces and territories, Métis settlements, Inuit regions, Indian band and Tribal … There are three (First Nations, Inuit and Métis ) distinctive groups of North America indigenous peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35. The book surveys the complicity of statistics in the colonization of indigenous peoples, like those of the authors in Australia (Walter is Trawlwoolway) and Canada (Andersen is Métis). Indigenous foster children were reported to have poorer educational performance (less likely to have A's and more likely to have repeated a grade) than other children, but were also less likely to have missed school in the past two weeks and were more likely to be receiving tutoring. 2016 Census. Demographic characteristics and Indigenous groups, Other content related to Indigenous peoples, 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portraits, Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census. Indigenous Peoples represent the fastest growing and youngest population in Canada. Compared to all other categories of accused persons, Indigenous people continue to be jailed younger, denied bail more … Aboriginal Demography: Population, Household and Family Projections, 2001-2026: Statistics and Measurement Directorate 2006 A Statistical Profile on the Health of First Nations in Canada: Determinants of Health, 2006 to 2010 Canadian Provinces and Territories by Indigenous Population Canada has a population of about 36.5 million, of which 1.5 million are considered aboriginal Canadians representing 4.3% of the population. In particular, Statistics Canada notes women are at higher risk, with 41% of Indigenous women living food insecure compared to 34% of men. They generally include thinking about suicide, inflicting self-harm or attempting suicide, which may result in death (see Suicide). Put another way, in some Canadian cities such as Yellowknife or Whitehorse Indigenous Peoples make up 90 percent of the homeless population . To this end, the Agency has developed standards of service which its employees observe in serving its clients. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. The Indigenous population is younger than the non-Indigenous. COVID-19 is increasing the economic stress on Canada's urban Indigenous population, including Inuit, says a new article from Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Population Profile presents information from the 2016 Census of Population for various geographic areas. Portal to Stats Canada data, analysis, and reference on Aboriginal peoples. Among the Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat, 52% of adults experienced food insecurity. Statistics Canada is planning to support initiatives that will provide opportunities for more meaningful service delivery in statistical capacity building and will be grounded in the needs of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit, through a distinction-based approach. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Indigenous people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. Although Indigenous children accounted for 7.7% of all children aged 0 to 4, they accounted for more than one-half (51.2%) of all foster children in this age group. Search and menus. See Statistics Canada, First Nations People, Métis and Inuit in Canada: Diverse and Growing Populations, 20 March 2018. 4.9%— The percentage of the total population of Canada who reported an Aboriginal identity in 2016. Ontario has a population of 301,425 indigenous Canadians … About 20% of Indigenous people aged 15 and over experienced food insecurity in the past 12 months. The errors were corrected March 26, 2018. Harvesting activities such as hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering wild plants have been part of Aboriginal peoples’ ways of living for millennia. 4 Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Population Profile. Demographic and socio-economic statistics on Indigenous peoples and Northerners. “Aboriginal identity” refers to whether a person identified with the Aboriginal peoples of Canada. Results will be available in the fall, 2018, that will examine barriers and levers to economic participation, labour mobility, entrepreneurship, skills training and financial well-being. According to … We have heard a wide-variety of viewpoints. Collecting data in the North presents unique challenges because of the remoteness of the communities and the weather. The 2016 Census had the highest number of participating reserves, with only 14 reserves that were not enumerated of a total of 984. Health at a Glance: Food Insecurity in Canada (Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada, March 25, 2015). Between 2006 and 2016, the Indigenous population in the NWT grew by 1.1%, compared to 42.7% a growth rate for the Indigenous population of Canada. The health of Indigenous people and communities in Canada, including self-rated health, chronic conditions, well-being, life expectancy, and accessibility to health providers and services. “Homicide in Canada, 2015.” Juristat. First Nations communities recognize the importance of data for community planning and development. The strategy also generated a series of recommendations for future hiring in Nunavut. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … The census released in October pegged Toronto’s Indigenous population at 23,065, up from the 19,270 census estimate in 2011. Earnings were much higher among First Nations, Métis and Inuit women with at least a bachelor’s degree than among those with lower levels of education. “Building sustainable futures” was the motto of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) that focused on the economic participation of off-reserve First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. 85-002-X. The 2016 Census Aboriginal Community Portrait Series presents 2016 Census of Population information for First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities in a visual and accessible way. The survey was conducted between January and August 2017. These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. Includes information on adult criminal courts, corrections, crime reporting, victim services, children and youth, and violence against Indigenous women. This category includes those with a Certificate of Apprenticeship, a Certificate of Qualification or a journeyperson's designation. The proportion of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status who lived in a dwelling that needed major repairs was more than three times higher on reserve than off reserve (14.2%). Seniors will make up a larger share of the First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations over the coming years. Sign up to My StatCan to get updates in real-time. Ten years later, the census reported 1,172,790 people, or 4 per cent of the population. This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the Indigenous population available for various geographic areas. Demographic data every five years, social and economic characteristics of jobs held and. Increased Statistics Canada ; 2016 than the non-Indigenous population fastest growing and youngest population in,. 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